APPRENDRE TSHILUBA PDF

The total number of speakers was estimated at 6. However, the differences in Tshiluba within the area are minor, consisting mostly of differences in tones and vocabulary, and speakers easily understand one another. Both dialects have subdialects. Additionally, there is also a pidginised variety of Tshiluba, [4] especially in cities, where the everyday spoken Tshiluba is enriched with French words and even words from other languages, such as Lingala or Swahili. Nevertheless, it is not a typical form of a pidgin since it is not common to everyone but changes its morphology and the quantity and degree to which words from other languages are used. Its form changes depending on who speaks it and varies from city to city and social class to social class.

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Ex: The police could cite you for robbing if you take something away without permission and without intending to return it. Tshiluba: Mpulushi udi mwa kukubanda mutshima wewe mwangate tshintu kabayi bakwanyishile ne kuyi ne meji a kutshipingaja. Ex: He was indicted for drug addict when he was caught possessing marijuana. Tshiluba: Uvua mupishibwa bwa dinwa bintu bia lulengu pavwabu bamukwate ne marijuana diamba.

Ordinance: Mukenji mwela kudi bukalenge bwa mu tshimenga. Ex: The city governor passed an ordinance permitting the use of marijuana by cancer patients. Tshiluba: Nguvena mmwele mukenji wanyishila babedi badi ne disama dia kasenda bwa kunwa marijuana.

Beneficiary: Mwangatshi muntu udi ne bukenji bwa kwangata tshintu kampanda tshishiya kudi mufwe. Rehabilitation: Dipingaja; dialuja; diondopa; disungila dipingaja muntu mu njila mululame anyi pa mwaba wende. Dilekela dinwa dia bintu bia lulengu anyi dipetulula bukole.

Tshiluba: Bivua bikole bwa kujadikila tatwende wa Mukendi ne: mwanende ukavwa mupingane mu njila. Clemency: Dipepejila muntu tshibawu kukosela muntu tshibawu tshikese tshishadile ku tshivwa kabadi kadianjile kukosa anyi ku tshivwabu mwa kumukosela. Ex: The judge granted Kalonji him clemency and gave him a shorter prison sentence because he had suffered enough for the crime he committed.

Ex: The government granted amnesty to all illegal immigrants who had come to work in the fields. Tshiluba: Mbulamatadi uvwa mufwile bantu bavwa babwele mu ditunga mu musokoko balwe bwa kwenza mudimu mu madimi luse. Procure: Kupeta, kusumba, kwangata anyi kupeta tshintu tshia mushinga.

Ex: Mukadi wanted to procure some ancient artifacts before returning from his sabbatical in Africa. Tshiluba: Mukadi uvwa muswe kusumba bintu bia kale kumpala kwa kumbukaye mu Afrike muvwaye muya mu dikisha dia nsabatu. Ex: Kamwanya would never engage in drug trade even if she disagreed with a law. Tshiluba: Kamwanya kavwa mwa kwenda mushinga wa diamba nansha muvwaye kayi mwanyishe mukenji.

To induce: Kusaka muntu bwa kwenza bwalu kampanda. Ex: Mutombos older brother induced him to steal money from their parents. Tshiluba: Tutwende wa Mutombo uvwa mumusake bwa kwiba baledi babu makuta. To conspire: Kuya ku tshinkunga; kutungila; kudila majanyi; kwela tshifufu. Ex: Katayi and Lukengu conspired to kill Mary. Tshiluba: Katayi ne Lukengu bavwa bele tshifufu bwa kushipa Mariya.

Ex: Cidibi got a job soliciting money for his political party. Tshiluba: Cidibi mmupete mudimu wa kulomba makuta bwa tshisumbu tshiende tshia tshididi. To sabotage: Kunyanga; kubutula anyi kukulwisha, kupangishisha. Ex: The president accused the opposition of trying to sabotage the election. Tshiluba: Mfumu wa ditunga uvwa mufunde batontolodi bwa mudibu bakeba kupangisha masungulangana bwa kwenzeka.

Espionage: ditentekela. Ex: The Authorities have arrested several people suspecting of espionage. Tshiluba: Bamfumu mbakwate bantu ba bungi badibu belela meji ne: mbatentekedi. Affiliated: Kwikala mu.. Ex: He will remain affiliated with the firm as a special director.

To persecute: kukengesha; kutatshisha muntu bwa ditabuja diende anyi malu adiye witabuja. Ex: Many people have come to the United States because they were persecuted in their countries. To incite: Kwenzeja, kusaka muntu bwa kwenza bwalu kampanda.

Tshiluba: Dimanyisha dia ndekelu divwa Kavula-mbedi mwenze divwa disake bantu batontolola bwa kwenza malu a tshinyangu. Fraud: Diibila, didinga, dishima.

Ex: Lukusa created a false driving license and began driving cars until he was exposed as a fraud. Tshiluba: Lukusa uvwa mwenze mukanda wa dianyishilangana bwa kwendesha mashinyi wa dishima, kutwadijaye kwendesha mashinyi too ne pa kamwelabu patoke bwa diibila. Waiver: Mukanda wa dianyishila mufunda udi wanyishila muntu bualu anyi umupesha bukenji kampanda.

Ex: Lwabeya signed a waiver giving his manager the right to send his business records to his insurance company. Tshiluba: Lwabeya uvwa mutwe tshiala pa mukanda wa dianyishila nawu mfumu wa bintu biende bwa kwikala ne bukenji bwa kutuma lwapolo lwa mishinga yende ku kumpanyi wa dieyeka dia makuta.

Custody: Bukenji bua dikolesha bana kwikala ne mupeshibwe bukenji bwa kulama bana, padibu bakosa tshilumbu tshia dishipa dia dibaka. Ex: When the Kalombos divorced, Mrs. Kalombo received custody of both children, and her husband won weekend visitation rights. Tshiluba: Pavwa Kalombo ne mukajende bashipe dibaka, Mamu wa ka Kalombo wakapeshibwa bukenji bwa dikolesha bana bonso babidi, bayende wakapeshibwa bukenji bwa kwikala tutangila bana lumingu lwonso. I'm in the kitchen: Ndi mu tshikuku.

It was hot in the kitchen: Mu tshikuku muvwa luuya. To be at the hospital : kwikala ku lupitadi. To be in hospital: Kwikala mu lupitadi. To be at the school: Kwikala ku tulasa visite, bwa kutangila, kubandila. To be at school: Kwikala mu kalasa. It was hot in church: mu tshitanda muvwa luya.

To live on Hawaii: Kusombela mu Hawaii. To go to Belgium: kuya ku Belgique. To go to the hospital: kuya ku lupitadi. Bwa kuya kutangila anyi kukumbula muntu. To go into hospital: kuya mu lupitadi.

She goes to church every Sunday: Utu uya mu tshitanda Dia lumingu dionso. He doesn't like going to school: Ki mmuswe kuya mu kalasa to.

She dashed to the school but they had already gone: Uvwa muye lukasa lukasa mu kalasa, kadi bakavwa bamane kuya. Personal pronouns "He and She" are difficult to be distinguished in Tshiluba. We used to distinguish them by following closely the context.

But that is very difficult in short sentences, thus the writer may choose to insert the gender in brackets after the pronoun or to replace the pronoun by the proper name. To live on the 5th floor: Kusombela ku tshibambalu tshitanu. Bule bwa kumbukila ku mwaba kampanda. We'll see each other again at his party: Netumonangane kabidi mu fete wende. I'll see you in the holidays: Nemmonangane nebe mu dikisha. Lorsque Padi, pavwa signifie lors de , l'anglais emploie souvent une proposition temporelle introduite par when.

He only weighed 3 kilos when he was born: Uvwa anu ne kilo isatu 3 pavwabu bamulele. You'll be paid when the work is finished: Nebakufute padi mudimu ujika. Padibu bakula ba bikonda kadi benza mudimu ne IN. Poetry in the 19th century: Tusala mu siyekele wa 19 anyi mu bidimu bia Padibu bakula bwa mwena tshintu, mwaba ne bikwabu. This book belongs to Kazadi ou is Kazadi's: Mukanda eu ngwa Kazadi.

Whose pen is this? They haven't got a house of their own: Kabena ne nzubu wabu bobu to. Kisangani here I come! Mmeme eu mu Kisangani! It's the good life for us from now on! It was up to you to go: Nngwewe ke uvwa ne bwa kuya. Kufila tshikemu tshia kwenza bwalu anyi kunaya. Your turn to play! Your move! To you! Whose turn is it? Nnganyi mpindieu? Who's next, please? Bwa kujingila muntu bwalu kampanda.

To ou for my son, on his 30th birthday: Kudi anyi bwa mwanayi wakumbaji bidimu To your new house! Happy 40th birthday! In memory of my dear wife: Bwa mukajanyi wakafwa. Bungi bwa bantu. Five of us went: Tuvwa baya batanu.

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