ELECTRA DE SOFOCLE PDF

Its date is not known, but various stylistic similarities with the Philoctetes BC and the Oedipus at Colonus BC lead scholars to suppose that it was written towards the end of Sophocles' career. Jebb dates it between BC and BC [3]. Set in the city of Argos a few years after the Trojan War , the play tells of a bitter struggle for justice by Electra and her brother Orestes for the murder of their father Agamemnon by Clytemnestra and their step father Aegisthus. When King Agamemnon returns from the Trojan War , his wife Clytemnestra who has taken Agamemnon's cousin Aegisthus as a lover kills him. Clytemnestra believes the murder was justified, since Agamemnon had sacrificed their daughter Iphigenia before the war, as commanded by the gods. Electra , daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, rescued her younger brother Orestes from her mother by sending him to Strophius of Phocis.

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Electra is one of the most popular mythological characters in tragedies. In psychology , the Electra complex is named after her. Electra's parents were King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra. Her sisters were Iphigeneia and Chrysothemis , and her brother was Orestes.

In the Iliad , Homer is understood to be referring to Electra in mentioning "Laodice" as a daughter of Agamemnon. When he came back, he brought with him his war prize, the Trojan princess Cassandra , who had already borne him twin sons. Upon their arrival, Agamemnon and Cassandra were murdered, by either Clytemnestra herself, her lover Aegisthus or both.

Clytemnestra had held a grudge against her husband for agreeing to sacrifice their eldest daughter, Iphigenia , to Artemis so he could send his ships to fight in the Trojan war.

In some versions of this story, Iphigenia was saved by the goddess at the last moment. Eight years later, Electra returned home from Athens at the same time as her brother, Orestes. Odyssey , iii. According to Pindar Pythia , xi. When Orestes was twenty, the Oracle of Delphi ordered him to return home and avenge his father's death. According to Aeschylus , Orestes saw Electra's face before the tomb of Agamemnon, where both had gone to perform rites to the dead where a recognition occurred, and they arranged how Orestes should accomplish his revenge.

Before her death, Clytemnestra cursed Orestes. The Erinyes or Furies, whose duty it is to punish any violation of the ties of family piety, fulfill this curse with their torment. They pursue Orestes, urging him to end his life. Electra was not hounded by the Erinyes. In Iphigeneia in Tauris , Euripides tells the tale somewhat differently.

The two met when Orestes and Pylades were brought to Iphigenia to be prepared for sacrifice to Artemis. Iphigeneia, Orestes, and Pylades escaped from Tauris.

The Furies, appeased by the reunion of the family, abated their persecution. Electra then married Pylades. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the well-known mythological character.

For other mythological characters, see Electra Greek mythology. For other uses, see Electra disambiguation. Iphigenia in Aulis and Iphigenia in Tauris by Euripides.

Agamemnon father Clytemnestra mother Aegisthus stepfather Orestes brother Electra sister Chrysothemis sister. Iphigenia The Songs of the Kings. The Bacchae Alcmaeon in Corinth. Iphigenia in Tauris Agamemnon father Clytemnestra mother Aegisthus stepfather Orestes brother Iphigenia sister Chrysothemis sister. Oresteia BC, Aeschylus Electra c. Orestes and Electra. Categories : Women in Greek mythology Matricides.

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