He was often called the father of kinematics. He was a leader in his profession, contributing to many important domains of science and knowledge. Today, he may be best remembered for the Reuleaux triangle , a curve of constant width that he helped develop as a useful mechanical form. Reuleaux was born in Eschweiler in Germany at the time part of Prussia. His father and grandfather were both machine builders. His technical training was at the Karlsruhe Polytechnic School.
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He was often called the father of kinematics. He was a leader in his profession, contributing to many important domains of science and knowledge. Today, he may be best remembered for the Reuleaux triangle , a curve of constant width that he helped develop as a useful mechanical form. Reuleaux was born in Eschweiler in Germany at the time part of Prussia.
His father and grandfather were both machine builders. His technical training was at the Karlsruhe Polytechnic School. He then studied at universities in Berlin and Bonn.
After a time spent in the family business he became a professor at the Swiss Federal Institute in Zurich. This was a major technical institute, with about professors. He became widely known as an engineer-scientist — a professor and industrial consultant, education reformer and leader of the technical elite of Germany. Reuleaux was the appointed chairman of the German panel of judges for the Sixth World Industrial Fair opened in Philadelphia on 10 May This shook business and evoked wide comment in the press.
Reuleaux was a consultant to the development of the Otto-Langen internal combustion engine, winner of the World's Fair in Paris, France, based on efficiency. Reuleaux served on several international juries and commissions and considerably involved in formation of a patent system, as he was active in German politics.
He was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences from Reuleaux believed that machines could be abstracted into chains of elementary links called kinematic pairs. Constraints on the machine are described by constraints on each kinematic pair, and the sequence of movements of pairs produces a kinematic chain.
He developed a compact symbolic notation to describe the topology of a very wide variety of mechanisms, and showed how it could be used to classify them and even lead to the invention of new useful mechanisms. At the expense of the German government, he directed the design and manufacture of over beautiful models of simple mechanisms, such as the four-bar linkage and the crank.
These were sold to universities for pedagogical purposes. Today, the most complete set are at Cornell University College of Engineering. Using his notation and methods for systematically varying the elements e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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Reuleaux was significant in two respects. In engineering he is regarded as the founder of modern kinematics. In two highly original books on that subject he proposed a system of analyzing and classifying machinery that was philosophical in scope and that has proved remarkably durable. More generally, by virtue of a forceful and outgoing personality and a talent for publicity, he was recognized in Germany as the spokesman for engineers and for modern technology in general during the first two decades of the Second Empire, a period of rapid industrial growth. The elder Reuleaux died when Franz was a child, and in his widow moved the family to Koblenz.
E-Pics Image Archive Online external link. The son of a machine builder, he received a practical education before studying under Professor Ferdinand Redtenbacher at Karlsruhe Polytechnic School from to After a brief stint in industry, Reuleaux was offered a position at the newly founded Federal Polytechnic Institute now ETH Zurich in , where he worked in the Department of Mechanics and Technology alongside Gustav Zeuner until As a professor of mechanical engineering, he became famous for tracing mechanical engineering back to mathematical basics.