KENNETH KAUNDA BIOGRAPHY PDF

Kenneth Kaunda Street. Formerly: Northway. He was the youngest of eight children. His father was a Minister and teacher who had left Malawi in and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. He worked at the Salisbury and Bindura mines and in became a teacher in Mufurila for the United Missions to the Copperbelt.

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Kenneth David Kaunda born , first president of Zambia, was a leading figure in his country's independence movement. Until he stepped down in , he maintained his critical position as the leader of a buffer country between white-ruled states in southern Africa and hostile, independent black-ruled states to the north. His father was a minister and teacher who had left Nyasaland now Malawi in , and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia.

After completing his education in the early s, Kaunda began teaching at Lubwa in and was headmaster there as well from to Then he moved to the copper mining area, where he founded a farmers' cooperative, was a mine welfare officer , and became a boarding master at Mufulira Upper School from to The urbanized copper area was a natural setting for African nationalism.

Resenting the racial discrimination that prevailed in central Africa, Kaunda helped to found the African National Congress ANC , the first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia. Early on, Kaunda became committed to the nonviolent principles of India's Mohandas Gandhi, a position strengthened by his visit to India in He broke with Nkumbula and became president of the Zambia African National Union from through When civil disorder led to banning of this party, Kaunda was jailed for a period of nine months.

On his release he became president of the new United National Independence party in On Oct. He formed a coalition government with Nkumbula's ANC and served as minister of local government and social welfare in Zambia slowly moved through the complications of earning independence.

Much of the success is attributed to the skillful diplomacy of Kenneth Kaunda, who succeeded in allaying the fears of the huge European and smaller Asian community that black leadership would ignore their interests. In October , the new nation of Zambia was born, with Kaunda as its president. After independence, Kaunda made agreements with mining companies over copper royalties.

He also had to deal with uprisings of the Lumpa religious sect under self-styled prophetess Alice Lenshina. His relations with neighboring white-ruled Rhodesia were unstable after the latter's illegal break with Britain, but he resisted those within and without his government who urged military action.

Instead, Kaunda sought aid for a rail line to a Tanzanian port. This would offer an alternate route for landlocked Zambia's copper that prior to the rail line had to be exported through Rhodesia.

These tensions heightened tribal differences and encouraged Kaunda's socialist leanings. Kaunda, like other African leaders, faced the complex problems of independence and tribalism, although his diplomatic skills saved his country the trauma of civil war.

However, political pressures within and without his borders led him to impose single-party rule in With civil war to the west in Angola in and continuing conflict in Rhodesia, Kaunda won, unopposed, a new five-year term.

Pledging his government to enforce high standards of morality and concern for public welfare, he was able to put down several attempted coups over the next few years. Kenneth Kaunda retired from office in when Frederick Chiluba came to power in the first multiparty election in Zambia following the legalization of opposition parties in He moved to London where he continued to be concerned with the policies and programs of his native country.

Mulford, Zambia: The Politics of Independence, By continuing, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Please set a username for yourself. People will see it as Author Name with your public flash cards. Biography Kenneth David Kaunda Facts Kenneth David Kaunda born , first president of Zambia, was a leading figure in his country's independence movement. Political Career The urbanized copper area was a natural setting for African nationalism.

The Aftermath of Independence After independence, Kaunda made agreements with mining companies over copper royalties. Encyclopedia of World Biography.

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Kenneth Kaunda

Former president of Zambia. At a Glance …. Kenneth Kaunda served as president of the nation of Zambia from its founding in until It is likely, however, that the well-known Kaunda and the members of his United National Independence Party will remain vital forces in Zambian politics and outspoken critics of the new regime.

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Kaunda, Kenneth 1924–

Kenneth David Kaunda born , first president of Zambia, was a leading figure in his country's independence movement. Until he stepped down in , he maintained his critical position as the leader of a buffer country between white-ruled states in southern Africa and hostile, independent black-ruled states to the north. His father was a minister and teacher who had left Nyasaland now Malawi in , and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. After completing his education in the early s, Kaunda began teaching at Lubwa in and was headmaster there as well from to Then he moved to the copper mining area, where he founded a farmers' cooperative, was a mine welfare officer , and became a boarding master at Mufulira Upper School from to The urbanized copper area was a natural setting for African nationalism. Resenting the racial discrimination that prevailed in central Africa, Kaunda helped to found the African National Congress ANC , the first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia.

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