He founded the Indian National Association , through which he led two sessions of the Indian National Conference in and , along with Anandamohan Bose. Banerjee later became a senior leader of the Indian National Congress Surendranath welcomed Montagu—Chelmsford Reforms , unlike Congress, and with many liberal leaders he left Congress and founded a new organisation named Indian National Liberation Federation in He was one of the founding members of the Indian National Congress. He was deeply influenced in liberal, progressive thinking by his father Durga Charan Banerjee, a doctor. After clearing the matter in the courts by arguing that he calculated his age according to the Hindu custom of reckoning age from the date of conception rather than from birth,  Banerjee cleared the exam again in and was posted as assistant magistrate in Sylhet.
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He founded the Indian National Association , through which he led two sessions of the Indian National Conference in and , along with Anandamohan Bose. Banerjee later became a senior leader of the Indian National Congress Surendranath welcomed Montagu—Chelmsford Reforms , unlike Congress, and with many liberal leaders he left Congress and founded a new organisation named Indian National Liberation Federation in He was one of the founding members of the Indian National Congress.
He was deeply influenced in liberal, progressive thinking by his father Durga Charan Banerjee, a doctor. After clearing the matter in the courts by arguing that he calculated his age according to the Hindu custom of reckoning age from the date of conception rather than from birth,  Banerjee cleared the exam again in and was posted as assistant magistrate in Sylhet.
He took his final exams in and returned to India in August In , Banerjee returned to London and became a student at the Middle Temple. Banerjee was soon dismissed for making a minor judicial error. He went to England to appeal his discharge, but was unsuccessful because, he felt, of racial discrimination. He would return to India bitter and disillusioned with the British. These works guided him in his protests against the British.
He was known as the Indian Burke. Surendranath was influenced by the writings of Italian nationalist Giuseppe Mazzini. He studied the writings of Mazzini in his stay in England on Anandmohan's suggestion. He founded the Indian National Association with Anandamohan Bose , one of the earliest Indian political organizations of its kind, on 26 July Let the word "Unity" be inscribed therein characters of glittering gold There may be religious difference between us.
There may be social difference between us. But there is a common platform where we may all meet, the platform of our country's welfare". He used the organization to tackle the issue of the age-limit for Indian students appearing for ICS examinations.
He condemned the racial discrimination perpetrated by British officials in India through speeches all over the country, which made him very popular. In , he founded the newspaper, The Bengalee  In , when Banerjee was arrested for publishing remarks in his paper, in contempt of court , protests and hartals erupted across Bengal, and in Indian cities such as Agra , Faizabad , Amritsar , Lahore and Pune.
After the founding of the Indian National Congress in in Bombay , Banerjee merged his organization with it owing to their common objectives and memberships in He was elected the Congress President in at Poona and in at Ahmedabad. Surendranath was one of the most important public leaders who protested the partition of the Bengal province in The declining popularity of moderate Indian politicians affected Banerjee's role in Indian politics.
They left the Congress and founded Indian Liberation Federation. They were termed as Liberals and they lost their relevance in Indian National Movement thereafter.
He was knighted for his political support of the British Empire. Banerjee made the Calcutta Municipal Corporation a more democratic body while serving as a minister in the Bengal government. The British respected him and referred to him during his later years as Surendranath Banerjee.
Banerjee could accept neither the extremist view of political action nor the noncooperation of Gandhi, then emerging as a major factor in the nationalist movement. Banerjee saw the Montagu—Chelmsford Reforms of as substantially fulfilling Congress's demands, a position which further isolated him. After Surendranath died at Barrackpore on 6 August From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.
October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Sydney Studies in Society and Culture. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 19 April The Open University website. Retrieved 26 August In Ahmed, Rafiuddin ed.
In the end, Banerjea lost his job by committing a serious judicial mistake, dismissing a case recording the complainant and his witnesses absent while whey were actually present in his court. Banerjea went to England to lodge an appeal He concluded that his appeal failed because he was an Indian. This was the basic reason for his becoming a nationalist.
Scottish Church College, April Haryana, a Historical Perspective. Indian National Congress. Archived from the original on 20 April Journal of the association of physicians of india. Kolkata Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 26 January Indian Independence Movement. Bhaktavatsalam M.
Chidamabaram V. Ghosh Cotton Gokhale Naoroji R. Gandhi Naidu Iyengar Ansari M. Nehru J. Nehru — S. Nehru — Dhebar — I. Sharma — Barua — I. Gandhi — R. Gandhi — Rao — Kesri — S. Gandhi — Rahul Gandhi — S. Gandhi —present. Narasimha Rao Manmohan Singh. Gandhi Rao Pawar S. Gandhi Mukherjee Shinde Kharge. Singh Vora Patel A. Sharma Azad Ramesh Antony D.
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A Nation in Making
In the pages of this book, we are offered insights into the life of the founder of the Indian National Association and twice president of the Indian National Congress. We grasp the vision motivating his landmark appeals—including one to the British to modify the Partition of Bengal, reinstitute habeas corpus and grant India a Constitution based on the Canadian model. Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi; and an ardent exponent of nationalism and a representative form of government. Sir Surendranath Banerjea — was one of the founders of modern India and a proponent of autonomy within the British Commonwealth.
Surendranath Banerjea was born in in Calcutta. All three had made the arrangements in secret - Banerjea's mother was not aware of his trip until the day before. At Southampton they were met by W. Bonnnerjee and taken to London. All three competed in the Indian Civil Service open exams. Banerjea passed in , but was disqualified over a mix-up over his age. Banerjea took the matter to court and eventually won his case in
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