During the Hindu reformation period in the BCE, when Buddhism and Jainism arose, the philosophy was well documented and opposed by the new religions. One of the widely studied principles of Charvaka philosophy was its rejection of inference as a means to establish valid, universal knowledge, and metaphysical truths. Charvaka is categorized as a heterodox school of Indian philosophy. Yet another hypothesis is that it is eponymous, with the founder of the school being Charvaka, a disciple of Brihaspati.
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Of the recognized means of knowledge pramana , the Charvaka recognized only direct perception anubhava. Although Charvaka doctrine had disappeared by the end of the medieval period, its onetime importance is confirmed by the lengthy attempts to refute it found in both Buddhist and orthodox Hindu philosophical texts, which also constitute the main sources for knowledge of the doctrine. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Read More on This Topic.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Furthermore, there existed the two unorthodox schools of yadrichhavada accidentalists and svabhavaha naturalists , who rejected the supernatural. Kapila, the legendary founder of the Samkhya school, supposedly flourished during the 7th century….
Another pre-Buddhistic system of philosophy, the Charvaka , or the Lokayata, is one of the earliest materialistic schools of philosophy. The name Charvaka is traced back to one Charvaka , supposed to have been one of the great teachers of the school. The other name, Lokayata, means….
Even though such sects did not sustain an independent religious tradition, the undercurrent of their teachings cropped up time and again in the later…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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Charvaka Philosophy is an atheistic, materialistic and hedonistic thought, named after Charu or Brhaspati, who is believed to have been the propounder of this system. The Rg Veda X. Charvaka philosophy is called Lokayata, as it admits the existence of this world loka alone. Materialist philosophers, referred to as Charvakas, are also known as Lokayatas or Laukayatikas as they act like ordinary people loka.
It is regarded as the most radical of the Indian philosophical systems. It rejects the existence of other worldly entities such an immaterial soul or god and the after-life. Its primary philosophical import comes by way of a scientific and naturalistic approach to metaphysics. Thus, it rejects ethical systems that are grounded in supernaturalistic cosmologies.