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The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country.
This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity. Its articles are considered a cornerstone of modern international relations. As of October , it has been ratified by states.
Throughout the history of sovereign states, diplomats have enjoyed a special status. Their function to negotiate agreements between states demands certain special privileges. An envoy from another nation is traditionally treated as a guest, their communications with their home nation treated as confidential, and their freedom from coercion and subjugation by the host nation treated as essential.
The first attempt to codify diplomatic immunity into diplomatic law occurred with the Congress of Vienna in This was followed much later by the Convention regarding Diplomatic Officers Havana, The present treaty on the treatment of diplomats was the outcome of a draft by the International Law Commission.
One notable aspect which came out of the treaty was the establishment of the Holy See 's diplomatic immunity status with other nations. The treaty is an extensive document, containing 53 articles. The following is a basic overview of its key provisions. In the same year that the treaty was adopted, two amendment protocols were added. Countries may ratify the main treaty without necessarily ratifying these optional agreements. As of October , there are state parties to the convention  including all UN member states except Palau , the Solomon Islands , and South Sudan.
There are no states that have signed the treaty but have not ratified it. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. States which have ratified the convention. UN member states which are not parties. Law portal. United Nations Treaty Collection. United Nations. Retrieved 8 April Audiovisual Library of International Law.
Retrieved 9 April Diplomacy and diplomats. Permanent representative United Nations Ambassador-at-large Resident representative.
Resident Resident commissioner Envoy Agent-general. Diplomatic courier Queen's Messenger Foreign minister. Diplomatic rank. Caviar diplomacy Checkbook diplomacy Coercive diplomacy Commercial diplomacy Cultural diplomacy Culinary diplomacy Defence diplomacy Debt-trap diplomacy Digital diplomacy Dollar diplomacy Freelance diplomacy Full spectrum diplomacy Guerrilla diplomacy Gunboat diplomacy Hostage diplomacy Medical diplomacy New diplomacy Panda diplomacy Paradiplomacy Pilgrimage diplomacy Ping-pong diplomacy Preventive diplomacy Public diplomacy Shuttle diplomacy Stadium diplomacy.
Appeasement Consular assistance Consular immunity Diplomatic accreditation Diplomatic bag Diplomatic cable Diplomatic credentials Diplomatic history Diplomatic illness Diplomatic immunity Diplomatic law Diplomatic rank Diplomatic service Diplomatic uniform Protocol Persona non grata.
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Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country. This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity. Its articles are considered a cornerstone of modern international relations.