Her field is the art and archaeology of the ancient Near East. She was trained at the Ecole du Louvre, Paris, France. Schmandt-Besserat has worked on the origin of writing and counting. She showed that, before writing, art in the ancient Near East mostly consisted of repetitive motifs.
|Published (Last):||25 December 2006|
|PDF File Size:||1.1 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.88 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Her field is the art and archaeology of the ancient Near East. She was trained at the Ecole du Louvre, Paris, France. Schmandt-Besserat has worked on the origin of writing and counting. She showed that, before writing, art in the ancient Near East mostly consisted of repetitive motifs. But, after writing, conventions of the Mesopotamian script, such as the semantic use of form, size, order and placement of signs on a tablet was applied to images resulting in complex visual narratives.
She also shows how, reciprocally, art played a crucial role in the evolution of writing from a mere accounting system to literature when funerary and votive inscriptions started to be featured on art monuments. She studies how processing an increasing volume of data over thousands of years brought people to think in greater abstraction.
She authored 10 chapters of the volume, documenting and analyzing tokens, animal figurines, human figurines, a stone statuette, decorated human skulls, plaster statues, mural and floor paintings, and finally, a conclusion on neolithic symbolism.
Denise Schmandt-Besserat has received a Dr. Her book, How Writing Came About , was listed as one of the books that shaped science in the 20th century.
She spent much of her professional career as a professor at the University of Texas. Denise Besserat was born into a family of lawyers and winemakers. Her early education was at the hands of tutors. The school's nuns directed her to a prospective career as a language interpreter, for which she spent periods in Ireland and Germany in language studies. They lived in Paris, where three sons Alexander, Christophe, Phillip were added to the family. She graduated in , after which the family moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts , where her husband had been offered employment. She applied for a fellowship at Harvard University's Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, to study the origins of the use of clay as a writing material in the Middle East.