Confederates including. The strength of the confederate armies is estimated around 10, men with six hundred horses and some camels, while the Medinan defenders numbered 3, The largely outnumbered defenders of Medina, mainly Muslims led by Islamic Prophet Muhammad , dug a trench on the suggestion of Salman the Persian ,  which together with Medina's natural fortifications, rendered the confederate cavalry consisting of horses and camels useless, locking the two sides in a stalemate. Hoping to make several attacks at once, the confederates persuaded the Muslim-allied Medinan Jews, Banu Qurayza , to attack the city from the south.
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Sohrab khan Roll 52 3. Contents A. Topics: 1. Ghazwa-e-Badr… 3. Ghazwa-e-Uhud… 4. Hamra Al-Asad… 5. Battle of Trench… 6. Invasion of Banu-Qurayza… 7. Battle of Khyber… 8.
Battle of Hunain… B. RefeReNceS… 3. The battle has been passed down in Islamic history as a decisive victory attributable to divine intervention, or by secular sources to the genius of Muhammad. It is one of the few battles specifically mentioned in the Quran. Most contemporary knowledge of the battle at Badr comes from traditional Islamic accounts, both hadiths and biographies of Muhammad, some written after the battle. The battle A map of the Badr campaign: In the spring of , Muhammad received word from his intelligence sources that a trade caravan, commanded by Abu Sufyan and guarded by thirty to forty men, was traveling from Syria back to Mecca.
Abu Sufyan sent a message via Damdam, in fear of being attacked by Muslims, to warn Mecca and to get reinforcements. As the trade caravan was carrying a lot of wealth, the Quraish responded well to the call, and an army of men was sent for its protection. The Muslims also brought seventy camels and two horses, meaning that they either had to walk or fit three to four men per camel.
However, many early Muslim sources indicate that no serious fighting was expected, and the future Caliph Uthman stayed behind to care for his sick wife Ruqayyah,the daughter of the Prophet. Salman the Persian also couldn't join the battle, as he was still not a 4. Their reasons varied: some were out to protect their financial interests in the caravan; others wanted to avenge, a few must have wanted to take part in what was expected to be an easy victory against the Muslims.
By this time Muhammad's army was approaching the wells where he planned to either waylay the caravan, or to fight the meccan army at Badr, along the Syrian trade route where the caravan would be expected to stop or the meccan army to come for its protection. However, several Muslim scouts were discovered by scouts from the caravan and Abu Sufyan made a hasty turn towards Yanbu.
Under the terms of the Constitution of Medina, they would have been within their rights to refuse to fight and leave the army. However, according to tradition, they pledged to fight as well, with Sa'd bin 'Ubada declaring, "If you [Muhammad] order us to plunge our horses into the sea, we would do so. The Badr wells were located on the gentle slope of the eastern side of a valley called "Yalyal".
The western side of the valley was hemmed in by a large hill called 'Aqanqal. Also, the Quraish apparently made little or no effort to contact the many tribes allies they had scattered throughout the Hijaz.
Both facts suggest the Quraish lacked the time to prepare for a proper campaign in their haste to protect the caravan. Besides it is believed since they knew they had outnumbered the Muslims by three to one, they expected an easy victory.
When the Quraishi reached Juhfah, just south of Badr, they received a message The Badr wells were located on the gentle slope of the eastern side of a 5. Abu Jahl was still determined to fight, boasting "We will not go back until we have been to Badr. The day of battle: The battle began with champions from both armies emerging to engage in combat.
Three of the Ansar emerged from the Muslim ranks, only to be shouted back by the Meccans The Muslims dispatched the Meccan champions in a three-on-three melee. Hamza killed his opponent Utba, Ali killed his opponent Walid ibn Utba, then after Ubayda was wounded by his opponent Shayba, Ubayda then killed him. So this was a victorious traditional 3 on 3 combat for the Muslims. Now both armies began striking arrows at each other. A few Muslims and an unknown number of Quraish warriors were killed.
Before the real attack began, Muhammad had given orders for the Muslims to attack with their ranged weapons, and only engage the Quraish with melee weapons when they advanced. Now he gave the order to charge, throwing a handful of pebbles at the Meccans in what was probably a traditional Arabian gesture while yelling "Defaced be those faces!
The Meccans, understrength and unenthusiastic about fighting, promptly broke and ran. The battle itself only lasted a few hours and was over by the early afternoon. The Qur'an describes the force of the Muslim attack in many verses, which refer to thousands of angels descending from Heaven at Badr to terrify the Quraish.
It should be noted that early Muslim sources take this account literally, and there are several hadith where Muhammad discusses the Angel Jibreel and the role he played in the battle. Aftermath Casualties and prisoners Al-Bukhari lists Meccan losses as seventy dead and seventy captured. During the course of the fighting, the Muslims took a number of Meccan Quraish prisoner.
Their fate sparked an immediate controversy in the Muslim army. The initial fear was that the Meccan army might rally and that the Muslims couldn't spare any men to guard the prisoners.
Sa'eed and Umar were in favor of killing the prisoners, but Abu Bakr argued for clemency. Muhammad eventually sided with Abu Bakr, and most prisoners were spared, either because of clan relations one was Muhammad's son-in-law , desire for ransom, or the hope that they would later convert to Islam in fact, several later did. In the case of Umayyah, his former slave Bilal was so intent on killing him that his companions even stabbed one of the Muslims guarding Umayyah.
Implications The Battle of Badr was extremely influential in the rise of two men who would determine the course of history on the Arabian peninsula for the next century. The first was Muhammad, who was transformed overnight from a Meccan outcast into a major leader. Marshall Hodgson adds that Badr forced the other Arabs to "regard the Muslims as challengers and potential inheritors to the prestige and the political role of the [Quraish].
Hazrat Ali [R. They said, 'Muhammad has best men, so help us to fight him so that we may avenge those we have lost. He told him that Quraysh were setting out with a huge arm for Uhud, a place just outside Medina. On receiving this timely warning the Prophet pbuh gathered his companions around him to discuss what they should do. He thought it would be better to wait for the enemy inside city rather than go out to meet them, because it would be easier to defend Medina from inside the city walls.
The Muslims then set out with one thousand men in the direction of Mount Uhud which overlooks Medina. This left the Prophet pbuh with only seven hundred men to meet the enormous Meccan army, which numbered three thousand. The remainder of the Muslims went on until they reached the mountain of Uhud.
There the Prophet pbuh ordered them to stand in ranks in front of the mountain, so that they would be protected from behind.
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