Register Login. Edit Page. Review in Process. Hemidesmus indicus Plant profile Therapeutic uses Morphological characteristics Floral characteristics Distribution Climate and soil Propagation material Agro-technique Planting in the field Harvest management. It is used in leprosy, skin diseases, fever, asthma, bronchitis, syphilis, pruritus and other urinary diseases, chronic rheumatism, and leucorrhoea.
|Published (Last):||18 March 2008|
|PDF File Size:||14.47 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.47 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Register Login. Edit Page. Review in Process. Hemidesmus indicus Plant profile Therapeutic uses Morphological characteristics Floral characteristics Distribution Climate and soil Propagation material Agro-technique Planting in the field Harvest management.
It is used in leprosy, skin diseases, fever, asthma, bronchitis, syphilis, pruritus and other urinary diseases, chronic rheumatism, and leucorrhoea. Morphological characteristics Anantmool is a perennial, slender, twining undershrub with woody and fragrant rootstock. Stems are numerous, slender, wiry, and laticiferous.
Leaves are simple, opposite, variable, elliptic—oblong to linear—lanceolate, variegated, and white above and silvery-white pubescent beneath. Floral characteristics Flowers are greenish purple, crowded in axillary cymes in small compact clusters. Fruits follicles are paired, cylindrical, pointed, and slender. Seeds are oblong in shape. Flowering is usually sparse and occurs in October, while fruits mature in January. Distribution The species is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical parts of India, especially in upper Gangetic plains, Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and South India.
It generally occurs on sub-ravine slopes, twining on shrubs and trees. Climate and soil The plant is found throughout the tropical and subtropical parts of India. Loam to silt-clay loam soils with appropriate humus are suitable for its cultivation. The soil should be slightly alkaline with a pH of 7. Propagation material The plant can best be propagated from stem and rootstock cuttings obtained from more than one-year-old plants.
Rootstock cuttings have better sprouting and survival rates than stem cuttings. Agro-technique Nursery technique Raising propagules : Planting stock is raised in nursery through stem and root cuttings.
The cuttings are planted in polythene bags or styrofoam trays between July and September. The cuttings establish or initiate roots in 30—45 days. The cuttings may be treated with commercially available root-promoting hormones before being planted in the nursery.
Nursery can also be raised in shade net house in early summer under humid conditions. Propagule rate and pretreatment : About 28 rooted cuttings are required for planting in 1 hectare of land.
No specific treatment other than dipping in rooting hormones is required. Planting in the field Land preparation and fertilizer application : The field is ploughed and harrowed, and levelled properly. A basal dose of about 1—2 kg of FYM farmyard manure is mixed with soil and sand in equal quantities for filling in the pits. Transplanting and optimum spacing : Rooted plantlets can be transplanted in the field at three- to five-leaved stage in August and September under rain-fed conditions.
As many as three to four weedings are recommended for the crop. The interval between subsequent weeding and hoeing may be 30—45 days. Common weedicides based on glyphosate may be used at the time of land preparation.
Irrigation practices : The crop may be irrigated at the time of transplanting. Two subsequent irrigations are required during establishment stage, 15 and 45 days after transplanting.
The crop grows as a rain-fed crop under humid tropical conditions, thus not much irrigation is required. Disease and pest control : No serious damage by diseases and insect pests has been observed in the crop.
Harvest management Crop maturity and harvesting : A minimum period of two-and-a-half years is required for root maturity. Harvesting may be done in December and January. Post-harvest management : The roots are dug with care and some part of the root is left within the soil for regeneration.
The harvested roots are washed, dried in shade, and stored in moisture-free packing in cool and dry places. Chemical constituents : The roots contain coumarin and two sterols — hemidosterol and hemidesmol — besides resins and tannins. Aerial parts of the plant contain carotenoid Yield : A total dry root biomass of approximately 1. Source : Agro-Techniques of selected medicinal plants. All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.
We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. About Us. Link to Us. Contact Us. Portal Policies. Add to Favourate. Site map. Give Your Feedback. Last Modofied 26 May, All rights reserved.
Anantmool is a climber found throughout India. Leaves are 2. Upper part is oval in shape and it is very soft. The stem of this plant is cylindrical with thick nodes. The woody roots are underground and are very aromatic. Flowers of this herb is found in cluster yellow and greenish purple in color. Fruits of this vine are divergent long follicles inch long.
Hemidesmus indicus L. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Health Benefits of Hemidesmus indicus
The discovery of drugs from medicinal plants provides new and important leads against various pharmacological targets including chronic diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, malaria, and pain. Hemidesmus indicus R. Apocynaceae plant parts were collected in Tiruvannamalai district of Tamil Nadu. Roots of H. The root of H. Healthy adult Wistar rats — g of either sex were used for the experiment.