HERPESTES ICHNEUMON PDF

In the last three decades, the range of the Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon has increased in the Iberian Peninsula. A panel of microsatellites was used to confront the patterns of genetic diversity of the species with the scenario of its recent northward expansion in its Iberian range. Evidence of substructure and significant genetic differentiation within the studied population were recorded, with a central-northern subpopulation CNorth and a southern subpopulation S. Northward range expansion was supported by the observed allelic frequencies, diversity parameters, and observed heterozygosity of the studied loci, with S showing a higher allelic diversity and a higher number of private alleles than CNorth.

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New finds of bones of the Egyptian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon , one from Portugal and one from Spain, were directly 14 C dated to the first century AD. The finds reported here show that the Egyptian mongoose, contrary to the traditional and predominant view, did not first arrive in the Iberian Peninsula during the Muslim occupation of Iberia.

Instead, our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the species was first introduced by the Romans, or at least sometime during the Roman occupation of Hispania.

Therefore, radiocarbon dating of new archaeological finds of bones of the Egyptian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon in the Iberian Peninsula push back the confirmed presence of the species in the region by approximately eight centuries, as the previously oldest dated record is from the ninth century. With these new dates, there are now a total of four 14 C dated specimens of Egyptian mongooses from the Iberian Peninsula, and all of these dates fall within the last years.

This offers support for the hypothesis that the presence of the species in Iberia is due to historical introductions and is at odds with a scenario of natural sweepstake dispersal across the Straits of Gibraltar in the Late Pleistocene ,, years ago , recently proposed based on genetic data.

Keywords: Egyptian mongoose; Herpestes ichneumon; Iberia; Roman period. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.

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Similar articles Following the trail: factors underlying the sudden expansion of the Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon in Portugal. Barros T, et al. PLoS One. Matos AC, et al. J Wildl Dis. Epub Jun PMID: Cunha MV, et al. Mongoose rabies in the Caribbean. Everard CO, et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci. PMID: Review. A critical review of the German Paleolithic hominin record. Street M, et al. J Hum Evol.

Epub Jul Show more similar articles See all similar articles. Cited by 1 article Molecular detection and characterization of Leishmania infantum in free-ranging Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon. Gomes J, et al. Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl. Publication types Historical Article Actions. MeSH terms Animals Actions. Egypt Actions. History, Ancient Actions. Portugal Actions. Spain Actions. Substances Carbon Radioisotopes Actions.

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Herpestes ichneumon (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon , also known as ichneumon , is a mongoose species native to the Iberian Peninsula , coastal regions along the Mediterranean Sea between North Africa and Turkey , tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands in Africa. The Egyptian mongoose's long, coarse fur is grey to reddish brown and ticked with brown and yellow flecks. Its snout is pointed, its ears are small. Its hind feet and a small area around the eyes are furless. It has 35—40 teeth, with highly developed carnassials , used for shearing meat. It weighs 1. Sexually dimorphic Egyptian mongooses were observed in Portugal, where some females are smaller than males.

FIBARO UNIVERSAL BINARY SENSOR PDF

Did the Romans Introduce the Egyptian Mongoose (Herpestes Ichneumon) Into the Iberian Peninsula?

New finds of bones of the Egyptian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon , one from Portugal and one from Spain, were directly 14 C dated to the first century AD. The finds reported here show that the Egyptian mongoose, contrary to the traditional and predominant view, did not first arrive in the Iberian Peninsula during the Muslim occupation of Iberia. Instead, our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the species was first introduced by the Romans, or at least sometime during the Roman occupation of Hispania. Therefore, radiocarbon dating of new archaeological finds of bones of the Egyptian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon in the Iberian Peninsula push back the confirmed presence of the species in the region by approximately eight centuries, as the previously oldest dated record is from the ninth century.

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