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Juan Gelman 3 May — 14 January was an Argentine poet. He published more than twenty books of poetry between and his death in early He was a naturalized citizen of Mexico , [1] country where he arrived as a political exile of the Military Junta. In , Gelman was awarded the Cervantes Prize , the most important in Spanish literature. His works celebrate life but are also tempered with social and political commentary and reflect his own painful experiences with the politics of Argentina.

As a boy he read Russian and European literature widely under the tutelage of his brother Boris. Gelman learned to read when he was three years old, and spent much of his childhood reading and playing soccer. He developed an interest in poetry at a very young age, influenced by his brother Boris, who read to him several poems in Russian, a language that the boy did not know.

The experience of reading Dostoevsky 's The Insulted and Humiliated at age eight made a profound impression on him. As a young man he was a member of several notable literary groups and later became an important journalist. He also worked as a translator at the United Nations.

He was always an ardent political activist. In he became involved with the Montoneros , though he later distanced himself from the group. After the Argentine coup , he was forced into exile from Argentina. In , his son Marcelo and his pregnant daughter-in-law, Maria Claudia, aged 20 and 19, were kidnapped from their home. They became two of the 30, desaparecidos , the people who were forcibly "vanished" without a trace during the reign of the military junta.

In Gelman was led to identify his son's remains he had been executed and buried in a barrel filled with sand and cement , and years later, in , he was able to trace his granddaughter , born in a backdoor hospital before Maria Claudia's murder and given to a pro-government family in Uruguay. The remains of Maria Claudia have not yet been recovered. In , Gelman received the Argentine National Poetry Prize, in recognition of his life's work, and in the Cervantes Prize, the most important prize for Spanish-language writers.

Gelman included Uruguayan police officer Hugo Campos Hermida in a legal suit lodged in Spain for the " disappearance " of his daughter-in-law in Uruguay. Macarena , who had lived as an adopted child, took the surnames of her parents and started a career as a human rights activist.

Gelman died at age 83 of complications with preleukemia at his home in the Condesa neighborhood of Mexico City. Juan Gelman's archive which includes drafts of writings and a collection of files he kept pertaining to his human rights investigations is available for research at the Manuscripts Division in the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections at Princeton University.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Juan Gelman. Buenos Aires , Argentina. Mexico City , Mexico. Poetry portal. Retrieved 18 July My parents and my two siblings were Ukrainian. They immigrated in Retrieved Laureates of the Miguel de Cervantes Prize. Recipients of the Mondello Prize. Raffaele Nigro , sec. Maurizio Cucchi , ter. Paolo Di Stefano , sec. Mario Fortunato , sec. Toni Maraini , ter.

Andrea Bajani , sec. Antonio Scurati , ter. Mario Desiati , sec. Osvaldo Guerrieri , ter. Lorenzo Pavolini , sec. Roberto Cazzola , ter. Eugenio Baroncelli , sec. Milo De Angelis , ter. Edoardo Albinati , sec. Paolo Di Paolo , ter. Andrea Canobbio , sec. Valerio Magrelli , ter. Irene Chias , sec. Giorgio Falco , ter. Nicola Lagioia , sec. Letizia Muratori , ter. Marcello Fois , sec. Emanuele Tonon , ter. Stefano Massini , sec.

Alessandro Zaccuri , ter. Alessandra Sarchi Poetry prize: Antonio Riccardi Translation Award: Evgenij Solonovic Identity and dialectal literatures award: Gialuigi Beccaria e Marco Paolini Essays Prize: Marzio Barbagli Special award for travel literature: Marina Valensise Special Award 40 Years of Mondello: Gipi Categories : births deaths Deaths from myelodysplastic syndrome People from Buenos Aires Argentine people of Ukrainian-Jewish descent 21st-century Argentine poets Argentine male poets Argentine Jews Argentine translators Jewish Argentine writers Jewish poets Argentine emigrants to Mexico Naturalized citizens of Mexico Premio Cervantes winners 20th-century Argentine poets 20th-century Argentine male writers 20th-century translators 21st-century male writers.

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