Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Kanarev Published This paper discusses and exposes the nature of the photon and its electromagnetic fields, as well as the mass of the moving photon. Formulas are derived that elucidate these findings and help to characterize the photon and its center of mass.
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Mail: Ph. The problems of power engineering are well known. The power carriers, which are used nowadays, are not only exhaustible, but they cause a considerable damage to environment.
Nearly 40 years ago it was announced that controlled thermonuclear fusion could be the future inexhaustible energy source. More than 25 billion dollars have been spent for the investigation of this source, but there is no positive result.
This state can be explained by a considerable lag of theoretical investigations from the possibilities of industry to implement any installation in order to check an intuitive idea being formulated.
As a result, the main attention has been paid to an experiment, not to a theory. As there was no acceptable theoretical description of the planned process of thermonuclear fusion control, a positive result could be obtained only by chance. Theoretical prognostication of this result was impossible due to the absence of any notion concerning the models: the electron, the proton, the atom of hydrogen and the ions of chemical elements, which form plasma.
Orthodox physics did not even set itself such task. In the meantime theoretical physics and theoretical chemistry were at a standstill. They were developed by those who managed to overcome a stereotype of the existing theoretical notions. As a result, the models of the photon, the electron, the atom of hydrogen, the atoms of the ions and the molecules of other chemical elements took place.
The analysis of them of the behavior demonstrated the impossibility to control plasma in a current carrying space, which is the main technological element of the well known installations "Takomak". If it was known earlier, the expenses for the above-mentioned investigations could be reduced at least by an order of magnitude. Twelve years ago Fleischmann and Pons, the American electrochemists, obtained additional energy during electrolysis of heavy water.
They announced at once that cold nuclear fusion is the source of this energy. Hundreds of experiments were carried out in various countries in order to check this fact. The positive result was registered, but its reproducibility proved to be low. The reason of appearance of additional energy remained unclear. In , we began our investigations of the water electrolysis process in order to obtain additional energy. Modern industrial installations require 4 kWh for production of 1 cubic meter of hydrogen from water.
When this hydrogen is burnt, 3. If the energy expenses for production of hydrogen from water are reduced by twofold or threefold, it becomes a competitive energy carrier. If it is possible to reduce these expenses of hydrogen tenfold, it will become the cheapest energy carrier.
In this case, coal, oil and natural gas fail to compete with it. Our investigations have shown that there are some plasma electrolytic devices and modes of their operation, which reduce energy expenses for obtaining one cubic meter of hydrogen up to 0.
A laboratory device with such indices was made one year ago. Modern fuel elements use potential possibilities of hydrogen by 0. There is every reason to believe that the fuel element will improve this index at least by an order of magnitude if it operates together with the plasma electrolytic reactor. There are great reserves in the discovered direction of the energy problem solution.
The transition from a laboratory installation to the industrial one requires additional investigations with the use of rather expensive spectrometers, gas analyzers, electronic sets for simultaneous registration of more than 10 induces of the plasma electrolytic process. As hydrogen is an explosive gas, it is impossible to ignore the investigation stage for making the laboratory installation the industrial one.
During the scale operation, dangerous radiations can take place, which accompany the transmutation process of the chemical element nuclei. Five patents have been received for the investigation results; three positive decisions concerning the issue of the patents and three claims are in the process of consideration. Three editions of the book "Water as a New Source of Energy" are available with the detailed theoretical description of plasma electrolysis of water and the quantitative calculations of the experimental results.
As the author has kept walking along the corridors of the Russian power without success for five years in order to get financing, the last hope remains — to find a foreign investor. The author is busy with this problem as it is clear that a delay in financing is equal to a loss of priority in this topical field of investigations, which solves two global problems of the mankind: the energy problem and the environmental problem.
The results of theoretical investigations of Professor Ph. Kanarev are based on a new axiomatics of exact sciences formulated and presented by him. Due to this fact, some of his scientific results do not match a number of acknowledged modern physical and chemical theories, with the special theory of relativity by A. Einstein and the theory of orbital movement of the electrons in the atoms, in particular. It is natural, because the above-mentioned theories have been worked out without taking into consideration the actual existing fact of space - matter - time unity, which is axiomatic, and due to this fact it should be taken into consideration when any mathematical theory is worked out.
But it has not taken place, because prior to Ph. Kanarev nobody has given an axiomatic significance to the actually existing basic fact of space - matter - time unity.
Minkovsky was the first to pay attention to space - time unity. Kanarev paid attention to this fact and formulated an axiom of space - matter - time unity. When he did it, his axiom began to play the role of a criterion when checking a bond of mathematical models of various theories with reality at once. Having formulated the axiom of space - matter - time unity, Ph.
Kanarev has given interesting patterns of its implementation in the solution of serious problems of modern physics. He has shown discrepancy of such mathematical transformations to the actual events of the physical nature. In his scientific works, Ph. Kanarev has demonstrated not once that the axiom of space - matter - time unity introduced by him does not allow false notions concerning the essence of the phenomena.
The axiom of space - matter - time unity has allowed the author to find electromagnetic models of the photon and the electron from the existing mathematical models of classical physics. These results are undoubtedly new as far as the depth of validity and connection with the experimental factors are concerned. Planck constant has been known for one hundred years, and the reason of the permanency of this constant has been unknown for one hundred years.
It is Professor Ph. Kanarev who has proved that the law of conservation of angular momentum governs the permanency of Planck constant. Dimensional method, which is well known in science, has led Ph. Kanarev to a conclusion that Max Planck constant, which has dimensionality of angular momentum, is vector quantity. It follows from this that the photon and the electron have a form of rotating rings.
Deep analysis of the existing mathematical models, which describe behaviour of the photon and the electron, has allowed Ph. Kanarev to discover their electromagnetic structures and to explain successfully their numerous discrepant features, which have remained incomprehensible from the point of view of modern physical theories. Thus, the axiom of space - matter - time unity is in the foundation of exact sciences in spite of the author. The scientific community has not paid attention to this fundamental fact, which puts Ph.
Kanarev among the scientists, who have opened the fundamental law of the nature. Since the date of the discovery of the fact that the molecules consist of atoms till present time, neither physics, nor chemists have not been in the know of the mechanism of the formation of the atoms and the molecules.
The electron is considered to form the orbital movement in the atom, but the way, in which it connects the atoms in the molecules, remains unknown. The thing has become clear after Ph. Kanarev has discovered the law of formation of the spectra of the atoms and the ions. It has turned out that there is no orbital component of the energy of the electron in the mathematical model of this law.
A conclusion has been made at once that there is no orbital movement of the electron in the atom. And it has turned out here that the law of preservation of angular momentum governs the process of the formation of the atoms and the molecules.
One can make a conclusion that the electrons precessing on the nuclei of the atoms connect them into molecules by means of their unlike magnetic poles.
To my mind, on the basis of the concept of Ph. The new principle of the connection of the atoms in the molecules together with the law of the formation of the spectra of the atoms and ions have allowed the author to build the models of the atoms and the molecules of the first chemical elements, including the molecules of water, and to analyze in detail the processes of its fusion and dissociation.
The contradictions of the modern theory of water electrolysis have been discovered at once, which have been not only eliminated with the help of his new theoretical results, but the author has determined that the fusion of the atoms and the molecules of hydrogen, not the cold nuclear fusion, is the source of additional energy during some modes of water electrolysis.
The new theory of water electrolysis has allowed the author to calculate quantity of heat energy. The results of these theoretical investigations have been confirmed experimentally not only by the author and an independent commission, but by the scientists of USA and Japan.
Kanarev has corrected a mistake made by Schwartzschild in deriving the formula for the calculation of the gravitation radius of the black hole and has worked out the new theory for the calculation of this radius as well as the theory of the contortion of the track of the movement of the photon by a gravitation field of the planets and the stars.
This new theory is a significant contribution into astrophysics, and it will cause a revision of the existing astronomical notions. It is clear that the new theory has formulated many new questions. Here are some of them, which demand great attention and investigation. How does a complicated electromagnetic structure of the photon generate constant velocity of its movement?
How is it possible to explain the multi-photon effect and a number of other last discoveries of physics on the basis of the new models of the electron and the photon? Why do the changes of the energy state of the electron in the atom take place in the form of a jump? Why are they connected with integral numbers?
Why do electron ionozation energies of the second electrons and the next electrons beginning from the nuclei of the atoms fail to be equal to their binding energies, which correspond to the first energy levels?
How is it possible to sum up the proof of the increase of mass of the electron during the increase of its velocity for other variants of its interaction with electric field? How is it possible to substantiate the angular anisotropies of the electrons in the atoms and the atoms in the molecules?
The following significant results of the investigations carried out by Ph. A new axiom is new foundation for exact sciences. The law of the formation of the spectra of the atoms and ions will allow the physicists and chemists to regard the principle of the formation of the atom and the molecules from another point of view. The method of the construction of the structures of the nuclei, the atoms and the molecules is an original one.
It promises the new principles of the investigations of the features of the nature, which are developed on the basis of vector features of Planck constant, not only for the physicists, but the chemists as well.
The new theory of water electrolysis opens its potential possibilities for the generation of additional heat energy, significantly reduces energy expenses for production of hydrogen from water and makes the main source of energy in future power industry. The new technical devices for heat energy as well as energy containing gases hydrogen and oxygen from water will be the prototypes of the future industrial power installations. The use of water as a source of energy will solve many environmental problems in the scale of the planet.
Some of his scientific papers and books have been published abroad.
Mail: Ph. The problems of power engineering are well known. The power carriers, which are used nowadays, are not only exhaustible, but they cause a considerable damage to environment. Nearly 40 years ago it was announced that controlled thermonuclear fusion could be the future inexhaustible energy source. More than 25 billion dollars have been spent for the investigation of this source, but there is no positive result. This state can be explained by a considerable lag of theoretical investigations from the possibilities of industry to implement any installation in order to check an intuitive idea being formulated.
Model of the Electron
The author looks for a publisher of this book in Russian and in English. Translation of Kanarev's words on video: " It has passed twenty minutes from the moment of switching-off of the power supply, but the output of gases proceeds. In Russian - New Article nr. Update Professor Ph. Kanarev's Books and Lectures.
Modelling the Photon and Analyzing Its Electromagnetic and Physical Nature
The Doppler Effect at Photon Emission Ph
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