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Perception is considered by Merleau-Ponty as a function by virtue of which the perceiving subject has access to, and communicates with, perceptual things and the perceptual world at large.
The latter have to be taken as they offer and disclose themselves in direct perceptual experience, with all their vagueness, indeterminateness, incompleteness, and openness. No reference must be permitted to the ideal of scientific knowledge, i. Rather than being accepted and adopted as a matter of course, the idea of a scientifically determined universe must be examined as to its origin, justification, and limits of validity.
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CFP: Revenir à la perception: 75 ans après « Phénoménologie de la Perception »
In: Revue Philosophique de Louvain. Pour M. De Waelhens se partage en quatre parties. De Wael- hens. Celle-ci n'existe pas
PhÃ©nomÃ©nologie de la perception
Appointed Professor at the College de France in , Maurice Merleau-Ponty was a highly esteemed professional philosopher because of his technical works in phenomenology and psychology. He was also an activist commentator on the significant cultural and political events of his time, as well as a collaborator with Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir in the founding and editing of Les Temps Modernes in Paris immediately after World War II. Besides being influenced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty assimilated the contributions of experimental philosophy and Gestalt psychology to focus on perception and behavior. His work "The Structure of Behavior," although centering on the body, presented an interpretation of the distinctions among the mental, the vital biological , and the physical that ruled out the reductionist inclinations of behaviorism. With the appearance of his work on the phenomenology of perception in , his position as a philosopher ranking beside Heidegger and Sartre was established. He unveiled a theory of human subjectivity similar to theirs but with greater technical precision.
File:Merleau Ponty Maurice Phenomenologie de la perception 1976.pdf
The work established Merleau-Ponty as the pre-eminent philosopher of the body, and is considered a major statement of French existentialism. Merleau-Ponty attempts to define phenomenology , which according to him has not yet received a proper definition. He asserts that phenomenology contains a series of apparent contradictions, which include the fact that it attempts to create a philosophy that would be a rigorous science while also offering an account of space , time and the world as people experience them. Following Husserl, Merleau-Ponty attempts to reveal the phenomenological structure of perception.