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While the total number of impoverished people worldwide is declining, the rate of progress is not as fast as it needs to be to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of ending extreme poverty by To increase the pace of poverty reduction, lessons from the recent past can help.
The views expressed in this publication are those of the presenter; they do not necessary reflect the view of publications published by alliance international media. As the international community explores new solutions, lessons from the past could be instructive. Poverty reduction has been central to development policy for decades. At first glance, the rate of poverty reduction in the first few years of the SDGs has also been impressive.
Between January and June , an estimated 83 million people were lifted out of extreme poverty. And yet, to remain on track to meet the target date, about million people should have escaped poverty during that period.
Despite the welcome gains, the pace of progress has been less than satisfactory. In a recent paper co-authored for the journal World Development, we examined what factors drive successful poverty reduction.
Using poverty statistics from developing countries during the MDGs era, we assessed whether countries with higher levels of income poverty — that is, more people living on less money — experienced faster reductions in their poverty rates than economies with lower income-poverty. To increase the pace of poverty reduction, lessons from the recent past can help levels. But these findings, while positive, tell only part of the story.
In many countries, the end of poverty remains a distant goal. The differing experiences of countries in Africa and Asia illustrate that while adoption of the MDG agenda did accelerate poverty reduction, the degree of progress has varied widely. But by the time the MDGs ended in , the Asian countries had reduced levels of poverty dramatically; the African countries had not. This divergence continues. In fact, at current rates of poverty reduction, more than million people in Sub-Saharan Africa will still be poor in Many factors have contributed to the shifting geography of poverty.
In Africa, weak economic. But the most important factor may be state capacity. After all, weak state institutions cannot effectively deliver public goods and services. In general, states work better when ruling elites are bound by limits on their power. But administrative experience also plays a role. China, with a slightly longer period of modern statehood than most of its younger African counterparts, may simply have developed a greater ability to administer its territory.
And yet, whatever the reason for the variation, there is no doubt that state capacity is one of the key ingredients for successful poverty reduction. Poverty eradication remains a top priority for the governments that have adopted the SDGs. But as the international community learned from the MDGs, goals do not guarantee progress. To ensure that the million people who remained in poverty at the end of MDGs period can escape requires investing in programs that aim at building effective states.
Otherwise, an end date for poverty will remain elusive. The author is a senior lecturer at the University of Manchester. Obviously, this is a sort of billion--dollar question, and yet the countries of the region have pledged to try to leapfrog the current digital divide and to build their growth strategy on turning their labour intensive economies into knowledge-based ones. According to her, when the next time leaders meet in Davos in , they will be able to show some concrete steps taken towards a new regional strategy for transformation in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
It is exactly those regions that are not yet fully engaged in the Fourth Industrial Revolution which have a unique opportunity to leapfrog others. The youth of the region is most concerned about crime and employment rates, followed by concerns about the emigration of citizens working abroad and freedom of speech and free press face collectively: boosting economic growth, improving infrastructure and the functioning of markets, and attracting and retaining the talent they will need to thrive in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Strategically important, given their geographical position and history, the Western Balkans Six nevertheless lag behind many of their European peers in economic terms. According to our Global Competitiveness Index , Albania is the most competitive among the group, ranking 75th, followed by Montenegro and Serbia, at 77th and 78th respectively.
Their aspirations to join the European. Since then we have continued this strategic dialogue, at a meeting on the occasion of the EU Summit in Sofia, co-hosted with the Prime Minister of Bulgaria, which then held the EU Presidency, and most recently in Geneva with political leaders from the region.
Union depend greatly on their ability to raise economic growth and competitiveness levels closer to the European norm. We aim to re-energise efforts towards this goal and to foster greater cooperation in the Western Balkans. With an agenda focused on producing firm commitments towards common goals, there is considerable expectation that by the next time leaders meet in Davos in , concrete steps will have been made towards a new regional strategy for transformation in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
For example, what roles could Croatia, Slovenia or Slovakia play in the envisaged activities? Furthermore, the future of the Western Balkans should be of great interest to Europe and the wider region, as the peaceful and prosperous future of the Western Balkans is essential to stabilising and advancing its development. Is this a new version of the Berlin Initiative? If not, how does it differ?
The idea of a Regional Southeast European Summit in is to bring together all relevant leaders from the region and Europe to discuss the future of the Southeast European region, and seize a unique opportunity to ensure that economic growth is enduring, broad-based and socially inclusive.
At the same time, we are aiming to engage leaders from the public and private sectors, as well as youth and civil society and media in a dialogue on mastering the Fourth Industrial Revolution and ensuring its benefits are spread across the region. It is exactly those regions that are not yet fully engaged in the Fourth Industrial Revolution which have a unique opportunity to leapfrog others and make the mastering of the Fourth Industrial Revolution a strategic objective. Just look at how Estonia has evolved into a global poster child for the digital revolution — Could the Western Balkan countries take a similar strategic decision and propel themselves into the future by thinking and acting in very bold, innovative and entrepreneurial manner?
Could they stop the brain drain by developing strategies and action plans that boost economic growth and innovation, improve infrastructure and the functioning of markets and attract and retain the talent they will need to thrive in the Fourth Industrial Revolution? One of the central questions is how can we maximise the benefits of science and technology for society? We partner governments, leading companies, civil society and experts from around the world in co-designing and piloting innovative new approaches to policy and governance in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
The Western Balkans Competitiveness Council would bring together representatives from the private sector, government, academia and civil society, on issues related to productivity and economic development in the Western Balkans. The aim is to have this Council run and managed by the most appropriate institution in the region, to ensure countries share research and good practises, helping them to learn, connect and implement.
Will there be new politicians, business leaders or civil rights defenders? We believe in a world where young people are central to solution building, policymaking and lasting change. The Global Shapers Community is a network of inspiring young people under the age of 30 who are working together to address local, regional and global challenges.
With more than 7, members, the Global Shapers Community spans city-based hubs in countries. The Western Balkans face a big challenge of countering the brain drain, and there is an unprecedented opportunity for young people to take an active role in shaping the future of the region.
This generation has inherited enormous global challenges, but has the ability to confront the status quo and offer youth-led solutions for change.
We have asked the Shapers from the Western Balkans to share their hopes and fears for the region. They are most concerned about crime and employment rates, followed by concerns about the emigration of citizens working abroad and freedom of speech and free press. The meeting between the leaders will include the signing of a large number of bilateral agreements, some of which could provide the basis for the launch of cooperation in the field of atomic energy.
Russia will support the decision that Serbia considers acceptable for itself. The decision should be taken without blackmailing Belgrade, on the basis of and with respect for Resolution , which fixes the territorial allegiance of Kosovo to Serbia — Alexander Chepurin How are preparations for his arrival in January progressing? First of all, work is being done on its content.
A number of agreements are being prepared for signing. During a recent visit to Belgrade of Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov it was agreed that there would be vigorous promotion of bilateral economic cooperation to ensure a more complete utilisation of existing possibilities.
Good prospects are emerging in advanced technologies with giants such as Rostec, Rosatom, Roscosmos, Yandex, Kaspersky, Mail. We need to explore new frontiers. How do you explain such frequent meetings at the highest level?
The intensity of contacts at the highest level of Russia and Serbia testifies to the relations of trust between its leaders, this is the first point. Secondly, it means that they have something to. Russia and Serbia are firmly committed to the development of bilateral relations that satisfy the interests of our countries and peoples.
This will be the third meeting of our leaders over the past 10 months, with them having met in Moscow on 9th May and 2nd October this year. It is not difficult to guess that the range of issues will be very broad. First of all, this is a bilateral theme: political, economic and cultural. The exchange of views on the situation in the Balkans is also important. An obligatory subject is, of course, the settlement of the Kosovo issue, where our approaches are very close.
It is important to rely on international law. Russia is in favour of both dialogue and agreements. You have repeatedly said that a treaty is acceptable to Russia if it is acceptable to Serbia, does this include division? Two things are important here. The decision should be taken without blackmailing Belgrade, on the basis of and with respect for UN Security Council Resolution , which fixes the territorial allegiance of Kosovo to Serbia.
Secondly, such a decision, if reached, should be fixed by the adopting of a new UNSC resolution. It should be also implemented. We can see. Interview that European Union efforts failed, because Pristina completely ignores interim agreements reached within the framework of the Brussels process, including the establishment of the Community of Serb Municipalities. Now Pristina raises the question of the armed forces, tariffs. There is no visible progress on the return of.
You have been personally involved in this cooperation for the last six years, as ambassador to Serbia. Are there any challenges in what is commonly referred to as the best possible cooperation between the two countries?
I consider it positive that within the framework of the partnership between Russia and Serbia there is room for development, especially in the economic sphere, which should become a priority task during the years ahead. You know, analysts say the same about many other countries, based on the logic of confrontation. But the world today consists not only of the West and Russia.
The world today is experiencing dangerous tensions. It would be nice for everyone to look to the example of relations between Russia and Serbia, which have an extremely positive, mutually beneficial direction.
vladislav petkovic dis - utopljene duse
Vladislav Petkovic Dis - Utopljene Duse